+ چکیده مقاله
The Role of Managers’ Transformational Leadership Style in Predicting Employees’ Social Entrepreneurship: The Comparative Study of Public Universities with Non-governmental Universities
Abbas Arab -PhD Student
Mohammad Reza Ahanchian -PhD
Hossein Kareshki -PhD
Background: The need for social entrepreneurship in order to reduce the impact of the crisis on vulnerable groups is essential and given that many social and environmental issues are time-sensitive, Failure to recognize the importance of social entrepreneurship and the lack of adequate support in this time period is a huge mistake. Objectives: The purpose of this research was the studying the role of transformational leadership style of managers in predicting staff social entrepreneurship and also implementation and comparison of public universities with non-governmental universities in this respect in Mashhad. Methods: Research methods was descriptive - survey of the correlation type (Regression). This research had two statistical communities that including all employed official and contract personnel in staff units in the public and non-governmental universities in Mashhad that had at least 3 years experience and 6 months work experience with their superiors in the 1389-1390 academic years. The sample of public universities was Ferdowsi University andsample of non-governmental universities was Khayyam and Sajjad universities that were selected purposively. Their numbers of cases were 145, 25 & 19 respectively. The research instruments were two questionnaires Bass & Avolio (1985) Transformational Leadership stylequestionnaire (TLSQ) and social entrepreneurship made questionnaire by researcher according to Dees's theory (1998) that Cronbach's alpha coefficient was for TLSQ and social entrepreneurship questionnaire 0.98 and 0.94 respectively, and also their factor analysis validity was confirmed. Results: 1) The rate of managers’ behavioral compliance with Transformational Leadership style and also rate of staff social entrepreneurship were high in two groups research Universities. 2) There was significant relation between Transformational Leadership style and social entrepreneurship, and also transformational leadership style of managers could predict staff social entrepreneurship in two groups research Universities. 3) There were no significant effects of gender and age variables of staff on managers’ complianced behaviore with Transformational Leadership style. Conclusion: Thus the importance of transformational leadership style and its parameters, various organizations, especially educational organizations due to transformational leadership can play a constructive role in this organizations, and affinity the goals of social entrepreneurship with them, Should be a leader in the use of these two important in advancment their goals and prepare context of research and development of these two.
Keywords: Transformational leadership, Social Entrepreneurship, Public and Non-Governmental Universities.
Accepted in Journal of Innovation and Creativity in Humanities Sciencs